A combination of metformin and epigallocatechin gallate potentiates glioma chemotherapy in vivo

Shreyas S. Kuduvalli, Precilla S. Daisy, Anandraj Vaithy, Mugilarasi Purushothaman, Arumugam Ramachandran Muralidharan, Kumar B. Agiesh, Markus Mezger, Justin S. Antony, Madhu Subramani, Biswajit Dubashi, Indrani Biswas, K. P. Guruprasad, T. S. Anitha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Glioma is the most devastating high-grade tumor of the central nervous system, with dismal prognosis. Existing treatment modality does not provide substantial benefit to patients and demands novel strategies. One of the first-line treatments for glioma, temozolomide, provides marginal benefit to glioma patients. Repurposing of existing non-cancer drugs to treat oncology patients is gaining momentum in recent years. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic benefits of combining three repurposed drugs, namely, metformin (anti-diabetic) and epigallocatechin gallate (green tea-derived antioxidant) together with temozolomide in a glioma-induced xenograft rat model. Our triple-drug combination therapy significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo and increased the survival rate (50%) of rats when compared with individual or dual treatments. Molecular and cellular analyses revealed that our triple-drug cocktail treatment inhibited glioma tumor growth in rat model through ROS-mediated inactivation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, arrest of the cell cycle at G1 phase and induction of molecular mechanisms of caspases-dependent apoptosis.In addition, the docking analysis and quantum mechanics studies performed here hypothesize that the effect of triple-drug combination could have been attributed by their difference in molecular interactions, that maybe due to varying electrostatic potential. Thus, repurposing metformin and epigallocatechin gallate and concurrent administration with temozolomide would serve as a prospective therapy in glioma patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1096614
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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