A comparative analysis of conventional and speckle-tracking strain echocardiographic findings in diabetic and non-diabetic kidney disease patients with normal ejection fraction

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Abstract

This study aimed to compare the differences in echocardiographic and strain parameters in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and non-diabetic kidney disease (NDKD) in a cohort with pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) and normal ejection fraction (EF). In this single-center prospective study, patients with CKD stages 3–5 and EF > 55% were included. We compared cardiac structure and function using conventional and speckle-tracking strain echocardiography among DKD and NDKD groups. Cardiovascular outcomes were assessed at the end of the study. Of the included 117 patients, 56 (47.9%) had DKD, and 61 (52.1%) had NDKD. Patients with DKD had higher ratios of early mitral inflow velocity and mitral annular early diastolic velocity (E/e’) (11.9 ± 4.4 vs. 9.8 ± 3.5; p = 0.004), lower septal e’ velocity (7.1 ± 2.5 vs. 8.2 ± 2.8; p = 0.031), lower lateral e’ velocity (9.2 ± 2.9 vs. 10.4 ± 3.8; p = 0.045) and longer deceleration times (209.2 ± 41.5 vs. 189.1 ± 48.0; p = 0.017), compared to those with NDKD. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI), global longitudinal strain (GLS), early diastolic strain rate (SRE), and E/SRE were similar. At a median follow-up of 239 days, 3-P MACE (11.5% vs. 4.9%; p = 0.047) and 4-P MACE (28.6% vs. 11.5%; p = 0.020) were observed to be higher in the DKD group. Diastolic dysfunction was more common in patients with DKD, compared to those with NDKD, although both groups had similar LVMI and GLS. Those with DKD also had poorer cardiovascular outcomes. This highlights the importance of the assessment of diastolic function in CKD, particularly in those with diabetic CKD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-11
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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