A Distinctive Explainable Machine Learning Framework for Detection of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a complex disorder predominantly defined by biochemical hyperandrogenism, oligomenorrhea, anovulation, and in some cases, the presence of ovarian microcysts. This endocrinopathy inhibits ovarian follicle development causing symptoms like obesity, acne, infertility, and hirsutism. Artificial Intelligence (AI) has revolutionized healthcare, contributing remarkably to science and engineering domains. Therefore, we have demonstrated an AI approach using heterogeneous Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) classifiers to predict PCOS among fertile patients. We used an Open-source dataset of 541 patients from Kerala, India. Among all the classifiers, the final multi-stack of ML models performed best with accuracy, precision, recall, and F1-score of 98%, 97%, 98%, and 98%. Explainable AI (XAI) techniques make model predictions understandable, interpretable, and trustworthy. Hence, we have utilized XAI techniques such as SHAP (SHapley Additive Values), LIME (Local Interpretable Model Explainer), ELI5, Qlattice, and feature importance with Random Forest for explaining tree-based classifiers. The motivation of this study is to accurately detect PCOS in patients while simultaneously proposing an automated screening architecture with explainable machine learning tools to assist medical professionals in decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Article number32
JournalApplied System Innovation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 04-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Artificial Intelligence


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