A novel approach to enhance the ionic conductivity of silver nanoparticles incorporated PVA:NaBr polymer electrolyte films via fast neutron irradiation

M. P. Shilpa, Vipin Cyriac, S. C. Gurumurthy, Ismayil, Sachin Shet, K. V. Subbaiah, M. S. Murari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigates the unprecedented impact of fast neutron irradiation on the structural, electrical, and morphological properties of solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs). The SPE, a poly (vinylalcohol) (PVA)-sodium bromide (NaBr) based matrix with the incorporation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), was prepared via a solution casting method and subjected to various time intervals of fast neutron irradiation. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed a distinct trend in the polymer electrolyte sample's amorphous phase, with decreased levels at lower neutron fluence and augmented levels at higher fluences. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy highlighted plausible interactions leading to chain scission and cross-linking. Optical investgations below 300 nm exhibited increased absorbance and a shifted position of the surface plasmon resonance peak correlated with AgNPs. Validation of structural changes in the Ag-incorporated PVA-NaBr system was supported by reduced bandgap and elevation in Urbach energy, corroborating FTIR findings. Enhanced thermal stability was confirmed using thermogravimetric (TGA) analysis. Morphological modification upon irradiation were evident via Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). Transport properties evaluated by Nyquist plot fitting showcased escalating room temperature conductivity with neutron fluence, and the highest conductivity obtained was 4.38 × 10−3 S/cm, an order higher than the pristine sample. Transference number measurements (TNM) indicated that the primary charge carriers are ions rather than electrons. This novel approach confirms that neutron irradiation can be used as a potential way to obtain highly conductive polymer electrolyte films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111590
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Volume218
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation

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