Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common inherited cardiac disorder characterised by unexplained left ventricular hypertrophy in the absence of abnormal loading conditions. The global prevalence of HCM is estimated to be 1 in 250 in the general population. It is caused due to mutations in genes coding for sarcomeric proteins. α-tropomyosin (TPM1) is an important protein in the sarcomeric thin filament which regulates sarcomere contraction. Mutations in TPM1 are known to cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy and left ventricular non-compaction. Mutations in TPM1 causing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are < 1%. However, some high-risk mutations causing sudden cardiac death are also known in this gene. We present a case of a novel heterozygous TPM1 mutation, NM_001018005.2:c.203A>G, p.Gln68Arg; co-segregating in an Indian family with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Our report expands the mutational spectrum of HCM due to TPM1 and provides the correlated cardiac phenotype.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry