A rare presentation of idiopathic small bowel diaphragm disease – A case report

Rajesh R. Ballal, Talha Ahmed, Divya Achutha Ail, Sumith Marian Colaco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Diaphragm disease, typically associated with long-term non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use, manifests as diaphragm-like small bowel strictures, often resulting in bowel obstruction. Case description: A 75-year-old male presented with features of recurrent subacute intestinal obstruction, later diagnosed with multiple small bowel strictures via CT imaging. Surgical intervention, including resection and anastomosis, was performed to alleviate the obstruction. Histopathological examination of the resected specimen confirmed diaphragm disease, challenging its traditional association with NSAID use. Discussion: Diaphragm disease, characterized by mucosal and submucosal diaphragm-like strictures, is typically attributed to NSAID usage. However, this case underscores the possibility of diaphragm disease in the absence of NSAID exposure. Pathological findings supported the presence of diaphragm-like strictures, despite the patient's denial of NSAID use. Conclusion: This case emphasizes the importance of considering diaphragm disease as a differential diagnosis in patients with intermittent bowel obstruction, even in the absence of NSAID history.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108966
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - 11-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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