A systematic review on pharmacist-led pharmaceutical care optimization through virtual platforms

Mohammed Salim Karattuthodi, Gopika Krishnan, A. V. Aiswarya, C. Sarath Chandran, Sujith S. Nair, Shabeer Ali Thorakkatil, Savera Arain

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Objectives: To display virtual pharmaceutical care programs implemented by pharmacists across the world. Accordingly, a search in PubMed, Scopus and Embase with keywords such as ''Pharmacist', 'Pharmaceutical care', 'Virtual platform' and its associated medical subject headings retrieved appropriate articles. The quality of each filtered article were assessed with the Critical Appraisal Skills Program checklist. Key findings: A total of 2 14 841 articles were identified through database screening and 16 articles were extracted and finalized. Twelve papers presented different forms of electronic medical record-based virtual pharmacy systems that had significantly contributed to patient care; minimizing medication errors, rectifying adverse events, modifying drug administration patterns to reduce the fatality of drug-drug interaction and further promoting medication counselling. Nevertheless, few studies had social media platforms for providing clinical pharmacy services that depicted good patient satisfaction. Additionally, we were also able to portray community pharmacies that transformed themselves to provide better and easily accessible pharmaceutical care to their society. Summary: There are limited numbers of peer-reviewed articles on pharmacist-operated virtual systems. However, owing to the benefits imparted to patient safety and care by the virtual pharmacy in the era of pandemic, it is highly recommended that more pharmacy professionals contribute and implement such programs in their settings. Prospero Registration ID: CRD42022307175.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-13
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacy
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)


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