Adsorptive removal of AB113 dye using green synthesized hydroxyapatite/magnetite nanocomposite

Shraddha Pai, M. Srinivas Kini, Raja Mythili, Raja Selvaraj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4NPs) synthesized using Thunbergia grandiflora leaf extract as a reducing agent were doped with hydroxyapatite sourced from waste bivalve clamshells to produce hydroxyapatite/magnetite nanocomposite (HA/Fe3O4NPs). The magnetic nanocomposite was examined using several characterization techniques. The results of XRD and FESEM, analysis showed HA/Fe3O4NPs have a crystalline phase and irregular spherical particles respectively. EDAX and FTIR confirmed the presence of specific elements and functional groups of both iron oxide and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles respectively. The surface area and superparamagnetic property of the composite were determined by BET and VSM analysis. Central Composite Design (CCD) was used to optimize the adsorption process to remove of AB113 from aqueous solutions. The optimal adsorption efficiency was found out to be 94.38% at pH 8, AB113 dye concentration 54 ppm, HA/Fe3O4NPs dose 84 mg, and an agitation speed of 174 rpm. The monolayer Langmuir isotherm was the best model with a sorption capacity of 109.98 mg/g which was higher than the reported values. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model displayed a good fit with an R2 = 0.99. Thermodynamic parameters were assessed which confirmed the exothermic adsorption process. Therefore, the synthesized magnetic nanocomposite can be employed as a novel nanoadsorbent for the removal of anionic dyes from waste effluents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112951
Pages (from-to)112951
JournalEnvironmental Research
Publication statusPublished - 17-02-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Adsorptive removal of AB113 dye using green synthesized hydroxyapatite/magnetite nanocomposite'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this