This work deals with the improvement in aerodynamic performance of a NACA0025 wing model using an array of slotted synthetic jets (SJs). A novel SJ actuator was designed and located at 30% of the chord from the leading edge (LE). Time-resolved particle image velocimetry (TR-PIV), force balance, static pressure distribution, and hotwire measurements were carried out in a subsonic wind tunnel to assess the performance enhancement due to the slotted SJ array. Initially, the SJ velocity was measured in quiescent flow condition at different actuation frequencies and amplifier voltages. Actuation at 1000 Hz and 200 V resulted in the highest blowing velocity of 10.5 m/s. Experiments were performed at various actuation frequencies, namely, 200, 600, and 1000 Hz. It was observed that actuation at 1000 Hz led to the highest increase in lift coefficient by 35.6% and reduction in average drag coefficient by 33%. TR-PIV measurements showed flow separation with flow reversal in the baseline case. After switching on the SJ array at 1000 Hz, the flow separation was completely eliminated. The momentum transfer from the highenergy primary flow to the retarding boundarylayer flow and actuation of SJ in a particular frequency range was observed to be the mechanisms for the flow separation control. Subsequently, fast Fourier transform (FFT) power spectra of hotwire data were computed from 40% to 80% of the chord. The FFT power spectra showed the successful stabilization of the flow field at the actuation of 1000 Hz.
|Journal||Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME|
|Publication status||Published - 01-10-2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering