Analysis of Long-Term Temperature Variations in the Human Body

Pradeepa Hoskeri Dakappa, Chakrapani Mahabala

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Body temperature is a continuous physiological variable. In normal healthy adults, oral temperature is estimated to vary between 36.1°C and 37.2°C. Fever is a complex host response to many external and internal agents and is a potential contributor to many clinical conditions. Despite being one of the foremost vital signs, temperature and its analysis and variations during many pathological conditions has yet to be examined in detail using mathematical techniques. Classical fever patterns based on recordings obtained every 8-12 h have been developed. However, such patterns do not provide meaningful information in diagnosing diseases. Because fever is a host response, it is likely that there could be a unique response to specific etiologies. Continuous long-term temperature monitoring and pattern analysis using specific analytical methods developed in engineering and physics could aid in revealing unique fever responses of hosts and in different clinical conditions. Furthermore, such analysis can potentially be used as a novel diagnostic tool and to study the effect of pharmaceutical agents and other therapeutic protocols. Thus, the goal of our article is to present a comprehensive review of the recent relevant literature and analyze the current state of research regarding temperature variations in the human body.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-399
Number of pages15
JournalCritical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering


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