Antioxidant and antimutagenic activities of bark extract of Terminalia arjuna

G.L.S. Viswanatha, S.K. Vaidya, C. Ramesh, N. Krishnadas, S. Rangappa

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29 Citations (Scopus)


Objective The alcoholic extract of stem bark of Terminalia arjuna (ALTA) was screened for antioxidant and antimutagenic (anticlastogenic) activity. Methods Antioxidant property was determined by 1, 1, Diphyny l, 2-Picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) assay, super oxide radical scavenging activity, lipid peroxidation assay and total polyphenolic content was determined by Folin-Ciocalteau's reagent. Antimutagenic activity was evaluated using micronucleus test in mice. Results The ALTA has shown potent antioxidant activity with EC50 of 2.491±0.160, 50.110±0.150 & 71.000±0.250 in DPPH assay, superoxide radical scavenging activity and lipid peroxidation assay, which is comparable with ascorbic acid with EC50 of 2.471±0.140, 40.500±0.390 and 63.000±0.360 respectively. In micronucleus test, ALTA (100 & 200mg/kg, p.o.) showed significant reduction in percentage of micronucleus in both polychromatic erythrocytes (PCE) and normochromatic erythrocytes (NCE) and also shown significant reduction in P/N ratio. Conclusions These results suggested that ALTA possess significant antioxidant and antimutagenic activity.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)965-970
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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