The present study investigates the inhibition of lipid peroxidation by dehydrozingerone and curcumin in rat brain homogenates. Both the test compounds inhibited the formation of conjugated dienes and spontaneous lipid peroxidation. These compounds also inhibited lipid peroxidation induced by ferrous ions, ferric-ascorbate and ferric-ADP-ascorbate. In all these cases, curcumin was more active than dehydrozingerone and dl-α-tocopherol. © 1994 Kluwer Academic Publishers.