Purpose: Anxiety and pain are experienced by most children undergoing surgical procedures. Untreated anxiety delays postoperative recovery and also increases the risk of complications. The purpose of this scoping review was to examine the relationship between perioperative anxiety and postoperative pain among children. Design: A scoping review Methods: A comprehensive literature search was done on the following databases: PubMed-MEDLINE (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online), CINAHL (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature), ProQuest, and Cochrane library to identify the original research studies published in English between January 01, 2000 to March 31, 2021. Two authors independently screened the studies based on pre-specified criteria. The results of the search are described narratively. Findings: A total of eleven studies were included in this review from 1,180 studies initially retrieved. Most of the studies revealed that children who had higher levels of perioperative anxiety experienced higher levels of postoperative pain. Conclusions: This review identified that perioperative anxiety has a significant effect on postoperative pain among children. The review results indicate the need to develop age-appropriate interventions to reduce perioperative anxiety and postoperative pain among children to reduce further postoperative complications.
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