Application of machine learning algorithms for predicting the engine characteristics of a wheat germ oil–Hydrogen fuelled dual fuel engine

Femilda Josephin Joseph Shobana Bai, Kaliraj Shanmugaiah, Ankit Sonthalia, Yuvarajan Devarajan, Edwin Geo Varuvel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this research work, performance and emission parameters of wheat germ oil (WGO) -hydrogen dual fuel was investigated experimentally and these parameters were predicted using different machine learning algorithms. Initially, hydrogen injection with 5%, 10% and 15% energy share were used as the dual fuel strategy with WGO. For WGO +15% hydrogen energy share the NO emission is 1089 ppm, which is nearly 33% higher than WGO at full load. As hydrogen has higher flame speed and calorific value and wider flammability limit which increases the combustion temperature. Thus, the reaction between nitrogen and oxygen increases thereby forming more NO. Smoke emission for WGO +15% hydrogen energy share is 66%, which is 15% lower compared to WGO, since the heat released in the pre-mixed phase of combustion is increased to a maximum with higher hydrogen energy share compared to WGO. Different applications including internal combustion engines have used machine learning approaches for predictions and classifications. In the second phase various machine learning techniques namely Decision Tree (DT), Random Forest (RF), Multiple Linear Regression (MLR), and Support Vector Machines (SVM)) were used to predict the emission characteristics of the engine operating in dual fuel mode. The machine learning models were trained and tested using the experimental data. The most effective model was identified using performance metrics like R-Squared (R2) value, Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Mean Square Error (MSE), and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE). The result shows that the prediction by MLR model was closest to the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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