Background and aims: There is a bidirectional relationship between COVID-19 and diabetes. The primary objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of patients newly detected to have diabetes (NDD) who recovered from COVID-19 in India whilst comparing NDD with patients without diabetes (ND) and those who have known to have diabetes (KD) in terms of glycemic status pre- and post-COVID with disease severity. Materials & methodology: There were 2212 participants enrolled from 15 sites, with 1630 active participants after the respective execution of selection criteria. Data collection was done using a specialized Case Record Form (CRF). Planned statistical analysis and descriptive statistics were concluded for significance between patient groups on various parameters. Result: The differences in age between the study groups were statistically significant. The average blood glucose at COVID-19 onset was significantly higher in KD than in NDD. Significantly more proportion of NDD (83%) had been hospitalized for COVID management when compared to KD (45%) and ND (55%). The NDD group received higher doses of steroids than the other two groups. On average, patients in the NDD group who received at least one vaccination (one dose or two doses) had a higher High-Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) score. Patients who had not been vaccinated in ND and KD groups experienced a higher HRCT score. Conclusion: Prospective metabolism studies in post-acute COVID-19 will be required to understand the etiology, prognosis, and treatment opportunities.
|Journal||Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews|
|Publication status||Published - 01-2023|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism