This letter presents an effective data-driven anomaly detection scheme for automatically recognizing unbalanced sitting posture in a wheelchair using data from pressure sensors embedded in the wheelchair. Essentially, the designed approach merges the desirable features of the kernel principal component analysis (KPCA) as a feature extractor with the Kantorovich distance (KD)-driven monitoring chart to detect abnormal sitting posture in a wheelchair. It is worth noting that this approach does not require labeled data but only employs normal event data to train the detection model, which makes it more appealing in practice. Specifically, we used the KPCA model to exploit its capacity to reduce the dimensionality of nonlinear data to obtain good detection. At the same time, the KD monitoring scheme is an efficient distribution-driven anomaly detection approach in multivariate data. Furthermore, a nonparametric decision threshold using kernel density estimation is adopted to extend the flexibility of the proposed approach. Publicly available data have been used to verify the detection capacity of the proposed approach. The overall detection system proved promising, outperforming some commonly used monitoring methods.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering