Barriers for early detection of breast cancer among South Indian women

Defny D'Almeida, T. Latha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Breast cancer is one of the most common neoplasms in women across the world. Early diagnosis of breast cancer results in reduced morbidity, mortality, and improved quality of life. Objective: This study was conducted to identify the barriers among Indian women diagnosed with breast cancer in an advanced stage. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Southern India, among breast cancer patients. A total of 202 women with breast cancer (Stage 3 and 4) were recruited based on the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data were collected using a demographic proforma and barrier checklist and analyzed using SPSS 16.0 version. Results: The mean age of the women was 51.5 ± 10.7 years. The majority of them were Hindu (87.6%), housewives (69.8%), with primary education (39.6%). The women have cited several barriers including financial (54.5%), lack of knowledge about breast cancer (49.5%), frightened about diagnostic test result (56.9%), afraid of anticipated surgery (54.5%), and the dearth of accessibility to health resources (52%). Conclusions: The presence of barriers in early diagnosis of breast cancer occurs in various contexts and should be recognized and minimized by all health-care providers to reduce the associated health-care cost, morbidity, and mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-709
Number of pages4
JournalIndian Journal of Community Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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