Bisphenol A (BPA) mimics estrogen and consequently suspected to be detrimental to female reproductive system. Biomonitoring confirms the BPA burden in body leading to a complex condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) which is frequently attributed to female infertility. Due to unclear precise molecular pathomechanisms of BPA in PCOS, we intend to examine the molecular mechanisms of the reproductive, endocrine, mitochondrial features, and cellular senescence in BPA-treated rats. We analyzed vaginal smears and ovarian follicles using microscope, assessed sex hormones by ELISA, analyzed BPA target gene expression by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, assessed senescence induction by β-galactosidase staining and immunofluorescence in BPA-treated rats. Our data showed hormonal imbalance, impaired folliculogenesis, abnormal expression patterns of target genes, CDKN2A overexpression and enhanced ROS levels in BPA-treated rats. This study provides insights on the effects of BPA exposure on ovulatory, hormonal, mitochondrial dysfunction, and senescence that benefit in better understanding of PCOS induced by BPA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104010
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - 11-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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