Case Report: Microsporidial Endophthalmitis after Penetrating Eye Trauma

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SIGNIFICANCE: In the recent past, there are increasing publications on microsporidia affecting the cornea in Asian population. However, microsporidia-causing endophthalmitis has been rarely reported. This report intends to draw the attention of eye care professionals to consider microsporidia as a differential diagnosis in cases of keratitis or endophthalmitis after ocular trauma. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report a case of microsporidial endophthalmitis after corneal tear in an otherwise healthy patient. CASE REPORT: A 62-year-old healthy gentleman sustained injury to the left eye cornea with the tip of a soiled and wet screw driver. Two days after the corneal tear suturing, he complained of pain. On examination, circumcorneal congestion with hypopyon of 2 mm in height was present. Vitreous tap and intravitreal antibiotics were injected. Vitreous tap showed microsporidia. Pars plana vitrectomy was performed. His vision improved to 6/12. CONCLUSIONS: Microsporidia are an emerging cause of stromal keratitis. In the recent past, there has been an increase in microsporidial keratitis in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals. History of trauma especially in rainy season and exposure to soil are reported risk factors. This is a case report on microsporidia-causing endophthalmitis after corneal tear repair. Ophthalmologists and optometrists should be aware of the possibility of microsporidia as a potential pathogen causing stromal keratitis or endophthalmitis in a setting of ocular trauma. Early treatment can result in good visual recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)830-832
Number of pages3
JournalOptometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry


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