Chákṣu: A glaucoma specific fundus image database

J. R.Harish Kumar, Chandra Sekhar Seelamantula, J. H. Gagan, Yogish S. Kamath, Neetha I.R. Kuzhuppilly, U. Vivekanand, Preeti Gupta, Shilpa Patil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We introduce Chákṣu–a retinal fundus image database for the evaluation of computer-assisted glaucoma prescreening techniques. The database contains 1345 color fundus images acquired using three brands of commercially available fundus cameras. Each image is provided with the outlines for the optic disc (OD) and optic cup (OC) using smooth closed contours and a decision of normal versus glaucomatous by five expert ophthalmologists. In addition, segmentation ground-truths of the OD and OC are provided by fusing the expert annotations using the mean, median, majority, and Simultaneous Truth and Performance Level Estimation (STAPLE) algorithm. The performance indices show that the ground-truth agreement with the experts is the best with STAPLE algorithm, followed by majority, median, and mean. The vertical, horizontal, and area cup-to-disc ratios are provided based on the expert annotations. Image-wise glaucoma decisions are also provided based on majority voting among the experts. Chákṣu is the largest Indian-ethnicity-specific fundus image database with expert annotations and would aid in the development of artificial intelligence based glaucoma diagnostics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number70
JournalScientific data
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Information Systems
  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Library and Information Sciences


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