Challenges in diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in elderly

M. Vishnu Sharma, Vijay Kumar Arora, N. Anupama

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Tuberculosis (TB) is a major infectious disease worldwide. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment reduces the transmission, morbidity and mortality in tuberculosis. Elderly (age >65 years) have many risk factors to develop tuberculosis. Recent survey in India showed incidence of TB higher in elderly. They may not have classical symptoms, clinical and radiological signs of TB which can lead to delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. In addition, elderly have many comorbid and coexisting diseases which make diagnosis and treatment of TB challenging. Comorbidities, poor general health status and other medications may lead to increased drug adverse reactions and poor adherence to treatment in elderly. Hence special emphasis should be given to elderly for early diagnosis and treatment. Elderly with multiple comorbidities require individualized approach for better outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S205-S208
JournalIndian Journal of Tuberculosis
Publication statusPublished - 01-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Infectious Diseases


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