Channel Intensity and Edge-Based Estimation of Heart Rate via Smartphone Recordings

Anusha Krishnamoorthy, G. Muralidhar Bairy, Nandish Siddeshappa, Hilda Mayrose, Niranjana Sampathila, Krishnaraj Chadaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Smartphones, today, come equipped with a wide variety of sensors and high-speed processors that can capture, process, store, and communicate different types of data. Coupled with their ubiquity in recent years, these devices show potential as practical and portable healthcare monitors that are both cost-effective and accessible. To this end, this study focuses on examining the feasibility of smartphones in estimating the heart rate (HR), using video recordings of the users’ fingerprints. The proposed methodology involves two-stage processing that combines channel-intensity-based approaches (Channel-Intensity mode/Counter method) and a novel technique that relies on the spatial and temporal position of the recorded fingerprint edges (Edge-Detection mode). The dataset used here included 32 fingerprint video recordings taken from 6 subjects, using the rear camera of 2 smartphone models. Each video clip was first validated to determine whether it was suitable for Channel-Intensity mode or Edge-Detection mode, followed by further processing and heart rate estimation in the selected mode. The relative accuracy for recordings via the Edge-Detection mode was 93.04%, with a standard error of estimates (SEE) of 6.55 and Pearson’s correlation r > 0.91, while the Channel-Intensity mode showed a relative accuracy of 92.75%, with an SEE of 5.95 and a Pearson’s correlation r > 0.95. Further statistical analysis was also carried out using Pearson’s correlation test and the Bland–Altman method to verify the statistical significance of the results. The results thus show that the proposed methodology, through smartphones, is a potential alternative to existing technologies for monitoring a person’s heart rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 02-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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