Choosing the right options trading strategy: Risk-return Trade-off and Performance in Different Market Conditions

S. P. Shivaprasad, E. Geetha, Raghavendra, L. Kishore, Rajeev Matha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The investment decisions are subjected to risk and return of the financial asset. Options strategies help employ a suitable strategy to balance the risk-return trade-off. The study analyzes the risk-return trade-off of the long straddle, long strangle, long call butterfly (LCB), short straddle, short strangle, and short call butterfly (SCB) strategies. Moreover, it measures the impact of strategy risk and options premiums on strategy return using panel data analysis. Additionally, the study evaluates the performance of options strategies using the excess returns to risk approach under neutral and volatile market conditions. This paper considered companies of top-six sector indices of the National Stock Exchange from 2009 to 2020 and collected data of 18,720 option contracts and 3,744 observations for each strategy (22,464 observations). The study revealed that risks of long straddle and long strangle strategies have a positive impact, and options premiums negatively influence their payoff. ATM call premiums positively affect LCB payoff, while OTM and ITM call premiums positively influence SCB payoff. However, the risks of butterfly strategy did not influence its payoff. The risk of short straddle and short strangle strategies negatively influenced the payoff and were considered riskier strategies. Moreover, short straddle and short strangle strategies enhanced excess returns under both market conditions. The results would help the investors in choosing the appropriate strategy by analyzing the impact of risk on the payoff and the ability to enhance excess returns to the risk of various options strategies to incorporate in their investment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-50
Number of pages14
JournalInvestment Management and Financial Innovations
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management


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