29 Citations (Scopus)


Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), often known by the name COVID-19, is a type of acute respiratory syndrome that has had a significant influence on both economy and health infrastructure worldwide. This novel virus is diagnosed utilising a conventional method known as the RT-PCR (Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction) test. This approach, however, produces a lot of false-negative and erroneous outcomes. According to recent studies, COVID-19 can also be diagnosed using X-rays, CT scans, blood tests and cough sounds. In this article, we use blood tests and machine learning to predict the diagnosis of this deadly virus. We also present an extensive review of various existing machine-learning applications that diagnose COVID-19 from clinical and laboratory markers. Four different classifiers along with a technique called Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE) were used for classification. Shapley Additive Explanations (SHAP) method was utilized to calculate the gravity of each feature and it was found that eosinophils, monocytes, leukocytes and platelets were the most critical blood parameters that distinguished COVID-19 infection for our dataset. These classifiers can be utilized in conjunction with RT-PCR tests to improve sensitivity and in emergency situations such as a pandemic outbreak that might happen due to new strains of the virus. The positive results indicate the prospective use of an automated framework that could help clinicians and medical personnel diagnose and screen patients. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-470
Number of pages19
JournalInterdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 06-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Health Informatics


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