Commitment profiles and voluntary turnover intentions: An empirical assessment of “two-faces” conceptualization of normative commitment

Badrinarayan Srirangam Ramaprasad, Shreelatha Rao, K. P. Nandan Prabhu

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3 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated how affective commitment (AC), continuance commitment (CC), and normative commitment (NC) coalesced to elicit different commitment profiles to differentially exercise their effects on voluntary turnover intentions (VTOI) among 752 information technology (IT) professionals from the Indian IT sector. The key purpose, however, of this research endeavor was to empirically examine the validity of the “two-faces” conceptualization of NC [i.e. indebted obligation and moral imperative]. The empirical findings, in this connection, first comported to the multi-dimensional nature of organizational commitment (OC) comprising the three components of AC, NC, and CC. Second, the results did not exhibit the presence of high inter-correlation between the construct AC and NC. Third, of the six identified commitment profiles, highly committed [High AC-NC-CC] profile was found to be the strongest in alleviating the VTOI among the IT professionals. VTOI was found to be the most severe in employees who belonged to the least committed [Low AC-NC-CC] profile. Fourth, as regards the construct of NC, the empirical findings of this study offered very little evidence, if any, to support the “two-faces” conceptualization of NC and comported to the idea of NC as a unidimensional construct that is driven fundamentally by introjected regulation. This is because the construct of NC was not found to alleviate VTOI among employees over and above AC, a fundamental assumption of the two-face theory. Last, the findings of this study did not reveal the existence of high NC-CC commitment profile, thereby casting doubts on whether employees even experience ‘indebted-obligation’ towards their respective organizations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-25
Number of pages19
JournalPrabandhan: Indian Journal of Management
Issue number5-7
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


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