In this paper, we introduce the notion of perfect matching property for a k-partition of vertex set of given graph. We consider nontrivial graphs G and GP k , the k-complement of graph G with respect to a kpartition of V(G), to prove that A(G)A(GP k ) is realizable as a graph if and only if P satis-es perfect matching property. For A(G)A(GP k ) = A(Γ) for some graph Γ, we obtain graph parameters such as chromatic number, domination number etc., for those graphs and characterization of P is given for which GP k and Γ are isomorphic. Given a 1-factor graph G with 2n vertices, we propose a partition P for which GP k is a graph of rank r and A(G)A(GP k ) is graphical, where n ≤ r ≤ 2n. Motivated by the result of characterizing decomposable Kn,n into commuting perfect matchings , we characterize complete k-partite graph Kn1,n2,...,nk which has a commuting decomposition into a perfect matching and its k-complement.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Algebra and Number Theory
- Geometry and Topology