Comparative performance analysis of quantum machine learning with deep learning for diabetes prediction

Himanshu Gupta, Hirdesh Varshney, Tarun Kumar Sharma, Nikhil Pachauri, Om Prakash Verma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Diabetes, the fastest growing health emergency, has created several life-threatening challenges to public health globally. It is a metabolic disorder and triggers many other chronic diseases such as heart attack, diabetic nephropathy, brain strokes, etc. The prime objective of this work is to develop a prognosis tool based on the PIMA Indian Diabetes dataset that will help medical practitioners in reducing the lethality associated with diabetes. Methods: Based on the features present in the dataset, two prediction models have been proposed by employing deep learning (DL) and quantum machine learning (QML) techniques. The accuracy has been used to evaluate the prediction capability of these developed models. The outlier rejection, filling missing values, and normalization have been used to uplift the discriminatory performance of these models. Also, the performance of these models has been compared against state-of-the-art models. Results: The performance measures such as precision, accuracy, recall, F1 score, specificity, balanced accuracy, false detection rate, missed detection rate, and diagnostic odds ratio have been achieved as 0.90, 0.95, 0.95, 0.93, 0.95, 0.95, 0.03, 0.02, and 399.00 for DL model respectively, However for QML, these measures have been computed as 0.74, 0.86, 0.85, 0.79, 0.86, 0.86, 0.11, 0.05, and 35.89 respectively. Conclusion: The proposed DL model has a high diabetes prediction accuracy as compared with the developed QML and existing state-of-the-art models. It also uplifts the performance by 1.06% compared to reported work. However, the performance of the QML model has been found as satisfactory and comparable with existing literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3073-3087
Number of pages15
JournalComplex and Intelligent Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 08-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Information Systems
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Computational Mathematics


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