Comparison of visual acuity results in preschool children with lea symbols and bailey-lovie e chart

Nijil Sanker, Sayyeda Dhirani, Premjit Bhakat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To compare visual acuity with two visual acuity charts in preschool children. Materials and Methods: Visual acuity measurement with Lea symbols and Bailey-Lovie tumbling E chart was performed on children between 3 and 6 years of age. Visual acuity data from the two charts were analyzed with Bland-Altman plot to determine the limits of agreement. The Wilcoxon signed test was performed in children aged 3-4 years and in children aged 5-6 years separately to evaluate the influence of age. The inter-eye difference between the two charts were further analyzed with the paired t-test. A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 47 children were enrolled for the study. The average logarithm of the Minimum Angle of Resolution (LogMAR) monocular visual acuity with Lea symbols (0.17 ± 0.13) was better than the Bailey-Lovie tumbling E chart (0.22 ± 0.14). The mean difference between Bailey-Lovie tumbling E chart and Lea symbol chart was 0.05 ± 0.12 in logMAR units. A second analysis eliminating outliers showed the same result but lower differences (n = 43, 0.05 ± 0.05 logMAR units). Visual acuity results between the two charts in children aged 3-4 years showed a significant difference (p = 0.000), but not for children aged 5-6 years (p = 0.059). Inter-eye differences between the two charts was not statistically significant (p = 0.77). Conclusion: Bailey-Lovie tumbling E chart is comparable to the Lea symbols chart in pre-school children. But preference should be given to Lea symbols for children aged 3-4 years as the symbols are more familiar than a directional test for this age group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-348
Number of pages4
JournalMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology


Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of visual acuity results in preschool children with lea symbols and bailey-lovie e chart'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this