Computational flow and heat transfer study on impingement cooling in a turbine blade leading edge using an innovative convergent nozzles

Madhwesh N, Shantanu Purohit, K. Vasudeva Karanth

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The present paper discusses a detailed numerical study performed to investigate flow and heat transfer characteristics of impingement cooling of the leading edge of a HP gas turbine blade model. An array of innovative converging shape nozzles are used as jets which strike the surface to be cooled. A comprehensive study is presented investigating various parameters which effect impingement cooling. These parameters include varying Mach number of the flow as 0.2 to 0.8, converging ratio of the nozzle varied as 2 to 8 at two different minor diameters of 0.25–0.5 mm of the jet, pitch distance is changed from 3 to 5 mm, and inter-jet distance changed from 3 mm to 6 mm. Each parameter is independently scrutinized keeping other parameters constant. The results indicate the formation of primary stagnation region where Nusselt number augmentation is maximum compared to secondary stagnation region. Cross-flow effect plays a significant role in reducing peak values in the Nusselt number in the downstream region. Enhancement in peak Nusselt number value is greater for high values of Mach number of the flow, lower jet-to-target distances and the higher converging ratio at a lower value of jet diameter. Average Nusselt number is found to be higher for lower values of pitch distance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number86
JournalJournal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • General Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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