Confined phase in the real time formalism and the fate of the world behind the horizon

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In the real time formulation of finite temperature field theories, one introduces an additional set of fields (type-2 fields) associated to each field in the original theory (type-1 field). In [J. M. Maldacena, J. High Energy Phys.JHEPFG1029-8479 04 (2003) 021.10.1088/1126-6708/2003/04/021], in the context of the anti-de Sitter (AdS)-conformal field theories (CFT) correspondence, Maldacena interpreted type-2 fields as living on a boundary behind the black hole horizon. However, below the Hawking-Page transition temperature, the thermodynamically preferred configuration is the thermal AdS without a black hole, and hence there are no horizon and boundary behind it. This means that when the dual gauge theory is in confined phase, the type-2 fields cannot be associated with the degrees of freedom behind the black hole horizon. I argue that in this case the role of the type-2 fields is to make up bulk type-2 fields of classical closed string field theory on AdS at finite temperature in the real time formalism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number046004
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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