Correlation Between Nasal Allergy and the Number of Eosinophils in Adenoid Tissue

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Abstract

To study adenoid tissue eosinophilia in allergic rhinitis. A single-centre clinical case–control prospective study with 66 subjects enrolled for the study after taking written informed consent from all the participants. All patients underwent adenoidectomy with histopathological evaluation of adenoid tissue samples for eosinophils. 36 patients (cases) with Symptoms for Allergic Rhinitis (SFAR) score indicative of allergic rhinitis. 30 patients (control) with SFAR scores not indicative of allergic rhinitis. All patients were evaluated for serum absolute eosinophil count and total serum immunoglobulin E (Ig-E). There was a significant relationship between allergic rhinitis and serum Ig-E levels using the Kruskal–Wallis rank sum test amongst case and control groups with a p-value of 0.031. Pathologically examined slides of adenoid tissue eosinophil count per 10 random high power fields in these patients showed significant results with a p-value of 0.002432, via the Kruskal–Wallis rank sum test. Statistical analysis, shows that adenoid tissue eosinophil count and serum Ig-E levels can somewhat predict the presence of clinical features of allergic rhinitis. Based on several similar studies with similar results, allergic rhinitis can be gauged with adenoid tissue histopathology and routine evaluation should be considered as a standard of care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)871-877
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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