Crop prediction using machine learning

Madhuri Shripathi Rao, Arushi Singh, N. V.Subba Reddy, Dinesh U. Acharya

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


For most developing countries, agriculture is their primary source of revenue. Modern agriculture is a constantly growing approach for agricultural advances and farming techniques. It becomes challenging for the farmers to satisfy our planet's evolving requirements and the expectations of merchants, customers, etc. Some of the challenges the farmers face are-(i) Dealing with climatic changes because of soil erosion and industry emissions (ii) Nutrient deficiency in the soil, caused by a shortage of crucial minerals such as potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus can result in reduced crop growth. (iii) Farmers make a mistake by cultivating the same crops year after year without experimenting with different varieties. They add fertilizers randomly without understanding the inferior quality or quantity. The paper aims to discover the best model for crop prediction, which can help farmers decide the type of crop to grow based on the climatic conditions and nutrients present in the soil. This paper compares popular algorithms such as K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), Decision Tree, and Random Forest Classifier using two different criterions Gini and Entropy. Results reveal that Random Forest gives the highest accuracy among the three.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012033
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11-01-2022
Event1st International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Computational Electronics and Communication System, AICECS 2021 - Manipal, Virtual, India
Duration: 28-10-202130-10-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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