Cross-cultural adaptation of assessments for time-related abilities of Indian older adults and evaluation of their reliability and validity

Reeti Puthran, Gunnel Janeslätt, Vinita Acharya, Meena Ramachandran, Sebestina Anita Dsouza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Older adults may have difficulties in daily time management due to age-related or disease-related cognitive impairment. Standardised assessments for time-related abilities are currently unavailable in India. Aim: The study aimed to adapt the Kit for Assessing Time-processing Ability–Senior (KaTid-Senior) and Time-Self rating, Senior (Time-S Senior) for daily time management of Indian older adults, translate these into an Indian language, and evaluate the reliability and validity of the adapted assessments. Materials and methods: The two Swedish-origin assessments were reviewed, adapted for linguistic and cultural relevance into English, and translated into Kannada language. Older adults (n = 128) were conveniently selected, assessed with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and assigned to age and gender-matched groups: cognitively-impaired and cognitively-normal. Data was then collected with the adapted assessments. Results: Both adapted assessments demonstrated acceptable reliability (internal consistency) in this sample (α =0.89 − 0.90). The cognitively-impaired group had significantly (p < 0.001) lower scores on the assessments as compared to the cognitively-normal group. There was a strong to moderate correlation between the assessments supporting their convergent validity. Conclusions: The adapted assessments are reliable and valid in the Indian context. Significance: The study would facilitate contextually-relevant assessment and management of time-related abilities in Indian older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1153-1166
Number of pages14
JournalScandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Occupational Therapy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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