Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by Gram-negative bacteria E. coli is responsible for 80–90% of uncomplicated cases in women. The increased prevalence of antibiotic resistance has made the management of UTIs more challenging. Plant-derived compounds have long been used to treat various diseases, and constitute an alternative to antibiotic resistance. Curcumin (CUR), a naturally occurring polyphenolic phytoconstituent obtained from Curcuma longa is endowed with diverse medicinal properties. The present study aims to form a complex of CUR with Sulfobutyl ether-β-cyclodextrin (SBEβCD) to overcome the poor solubility and bioavailability of CUR and to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of CUR-SBEβCD. Phase solubility studies and spectral characterization showed the entrapment of CUR in the SBEβCD cavity. In silico docking studies performed to investigate the complexation process of CUR with SBEβCD, revealed that the methoxy group and OH group of CUR interacted with SBEβCD. The cytotoxicity and HET-CAM assays confirmed that CUR-SBEβCD was non-irritant. The prepared complex investigated with the disc diffusion method showed antimicrobial activity with a zone of inhibition (ZOI) of 13 mm against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and 11.5 mm against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) whereas CUR alone did not show any ZOI. It can be concluded that prepared CUR-SBEβCD demonstrated superior antimicrobial activity and therefore can be a promising alternative for the treatment of UTIs. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology