Decentralized control strategy for fuel cell/PV/BESS based microgrid using modified fractional order PI controller

Velamuri Suresh, Nikhil Pachauri, T. Vigneysh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The concept of renewable energy based microgrid (MG) and its control has been evolved as key area of research in energy sector. In this paper, a decentralized control strategy based on modified fractional order PI (MFO-PI) and two-degree of freedom PI (2DOF-PI) controllers is proposed for efficient operation of an autonomous MG. The autonomous MG consists of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) & photovoltaic (PV) system as distributed generation (DG), battery energy storage system (BESS) as a storage unit and various AC & DC loads. The MFO-PI controller is utilized for controlling voltage source inverters (VSI) and 2DOF-PI is utilized for controlling various DGs and BESS. An evaporation rate-based water cycle algorithm (ERWCA) is employed to optimally tune the proposed controllers. To show the effectiveness of the proposed decentralized control strategy, a comparison of various performance indices such as overshoot, settling time and integral absolute error is made with PI and fractional order PI controllers. The results show that proposed control strategy is efficient in improving the steady state as well as dynamic performance of the system under all operating conditions by effectively regulating the real and reactive power flows among the DGs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4417-4436
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 19-01-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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