Genetic mutations are involved in Mendelian disorders. Unbuffered intronic mutations in gene variants can generate aberrant splice sites in mutant transcripts, resulting in mutant isoforms of proteins with modulated expression, stability, and function in diseased cells. Here, we identify a deep intronic variant, c.794_1403A>G, in CRTAP by genome sequencing of a male fetus with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type VII. The mutation introduces cryptic splice sites in intron-3 of CRTAP, resulting in two mature mutant transcripts with cryptic exons. While transcript-1 translates to a truncated isoform (277 amino acids) with thirteen C-terminal non-wild-type amino acids, transcript-2 translates to a wild-type protein sequence, except that this isoform contains an in-frame fusion of non-wild-type twenty-five amino acids in a tetratricopeptide repeat sequence. Both mutant isoforms of CRTAP are unstable due to the presence of a unique ‘GWxxI’ degron, which finally leads to loss of proline hydroxylation and aggregation of type I collagen. Although type I collagen aggregates undergo autophagy, the overall proteotoxicity resulted in death of the proband cells by senescence. In summary, we present a genetic disease pathomechanism by linking a novel deep intronic mutation in CRTAP to unstable mutant isoforms of the protein in lethal OI type VII.
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease|
|Publication status||Published - 08-2023|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology