2 Citations (Scopus)


As we set into the second half of 2022, the world is still recovering from the two-year COVID-19 pandemic. However, over the past three months, the outbreak of the Monkeypox Virus (MPV) has led to fifty-two thousand confirmed cases and over one hundred deaths. This caused the World Health Organisation to declare the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). If this outbreak worsens, we could be looking at the Monkeypox virus causing the next global pandemic. As Monkeypox affects the human skin, the symptoms can be captured with regular imaging. Large samples of these images can be used as a training dataset for machine learning-based detection tools. Using a regular camera to capture the skin image of the infected person and running it against computer vision models is beneficial. In this research, we use deep learning to diagnose monkeypox from skin lesion images. Using a publicly available dataset, we tested the dataset on five pre-trained deep neural networks: GoogLeNet, Places365-GoogLeNet, SqueezeNet, AlexNet and ResNet-18. Hyperparameter was done to choose the best parameters. Performance metrics such as accuracy, precision, recall, f1-score and AUC were considered. Among the above models, ResNet18 was able to obtain the highest accuracy of 99.49%. The modified models obtained validation accuracies above 95%. The results prove that deep learning models such as the proposed model based on ResNet-18 can be deployed and can be crucial in battling the monkeypox virus. Since the used networks are optimized for efficiency, they can be used on performance limited devices such as smartphones with cameras. The addition of explainable artificial intelligence techniques LIME and GradCAM enables visual interpretation of the prediction made, helping health professionals using the model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100243
JournalMedicine in Novel Technology and Devices
Publication statusPublished - 06-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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