Dependence of pre-treatment structure on spheroidization and turning characteristics of AISI1040 steel

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During machinability, the combination of machining process parameters and the material properties of the component to be machined plays an important role. Material properties depend upon the type of phase form present and the grain size of the formed phases, which in turn depends upon the prior treatment given to alter the initial room temperature types and form. Accordingly, spheroidization treatment was carried out on medium carbon steel (AISI1040) by altering the initial room temperature structure through normalizing and hardening treatment. Machinability experiments were performed on CNC machine by varying machining process constraints. Tool wear and surface roughness of the machined component obtained by turning were analyzed and correlated. Using Minitab and full factorial design, the ANOVA study was carried out. With the help of regression analysis, residual and main effect plots combined optimization (tool wear and surface roughness) was targeted. ANOVA result shows excellent machinability for the as-bought-spheroidized condition where feed has a 67% contribution to tool wear (TW) whereas the depth of cut has a 71.91% contribution to surface roughness (SR). Also, the optimized regression values obtained for machining parameters are feed (0.39 mm/rev), depth of cut (0.6 mm), and spindle speed (780 rpm) with composite desirability of 0.8174. TW and SR experimental values for the optimized machining parameters are 0.039 mm and 2.89 μm, respectively, and the difference between the actual and optimized values is less than 5%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2219095
JournalCogent Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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