Design, development and evaluation of Resveratrol transdermal patches for breast cancer therapy

Shivaprasad Gadag, Reema Narayan, Yogendra Nayak, Sanjay Garg, Usha Y. Nayak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Resveratrol (RVT) is a polyphenolic phytoestrogen which has shown antiproliferative activity in breast cancer. However, its low bioavailability and short half-life have restricted its use. The current study aimed to develop transdermal patches of RVT and evaluate its site-specific delivery for breast cancer therapy. Different penetration enhancers were screened using a computational tool, quantitative structure propery relationship (QSPR). The best permeation of RVT was observed in a patch comprising hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) E15LV: HPMC-K4M: polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) K30 in the ratio of 3:1:2 as release controlling polymers with Glycerol:Capryol 90 (4:1) as penetration enhancer and plasticizer. To assess the localized delivery of RVT, the patch was applied to the breast of female rats. Higher breast tissue disposition with lower systemic concentration was observed compared to oral administration, demonstrated by increased AUC and MRT. Further, the optimized RVT patches were tested in 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) induced rat mammary cancer. Compared to oral RVT, the application of RVT tansdermal patches significantly reduced the tumor volume and serum CA 15–3, a cancer biomarker. Thus, the RVT transdermal patch may be a viable approach for ensuring high local concentration of drug for site-specific delivery in breast cancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122558
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Publication statusPublished - 05-02-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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