Design optimization of a Contra-Rotating VAWT: A comprehensive study using Taguchi method and CFD

Jayakrishnan Radhakrishnan, Surya Sridhar, Mohammed Zuber, Eddie Y.K. Ng, B. Satish Shenoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


With Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs) showing promising capabilities in the recent years, lately there has been an increase in research towards the performance enhancements of said VAWTs, respectively. The following study emphasizes on the conceptual design optimization of a Contra-Rotating VAWT (CR-VAWT) using Taguchi method and CFD. Using the Taguchi method, a mixed level L16 (43×21) orthogonal array was implemented to study four critical design parameters for a CR-VAWT, which were Turbine Diameter, Axial Gap, Blade Height and Number of Blades, respectively. CFD analyses were performed on the 16 key design combinations obtained from the orthogonal array using URANS based models. Results obtained from both CFD and Taguchi methods indicate that the blade height exerted the greatest impact, while the number of blades had the least impact on the overall power performance of the CR-VAWT. Accordingly the optimal combination of design parameters were obtained for the optimal CR-VAWT, and comparisons between the optimal CR-VAWT and a Conventional VAWT (C-VAWT) indicated that the CR-VAWT showed better performance in terms of power characteristics throughout the range of Tip Speed Ratio tested and additionally indicating a 14% increase at the optimal TSR, which confirm that upon proper selection of design parameters, CR-VAWTs can show better performance than the C-VAWT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117766
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Publication statusPublished - 15-12-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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