Development and validation of competency framework for teaching management of refractive errors: A participatory Delphi approach

Vidyut Rajhans, Ramesh Ve, Ciraj Mohammad, Sumita Rege

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Competency-based education and assessment are globally trending, also embraced by recently announced National education policy 2020, India. Medical programs are rapidly transforming to produce competent health professionals, to satisfy public health requirements. This paper describes Delphi study with a participatory approach, to develop a competency matrix required for training of eye care professionals. Methods: Scoping review of literature formulated the baseline architecture of competency framework identifying two core competencies for management of refractive error, namely, 'visual function assessment' and 'optical technology management.' The Delphi technique was employed for the development of a competency matrix with detailed knowledge, skills, and attitude (KSA) definitions for all competency elements. A heterogeneous group including optometry practitioners, academicians, researchers, association representatives, and industry representatives accomplished the objective in four rounds. Results: Delphi study resulted in defining two competency clusters (CC): 'CC1: Refraction' with 10 units and 43 elements and 'CC2: Dispensing optics' with 8 units and 54 elements. KSA components of each of competency elements were identified and mapped with applied optics curriculum in the optometry program. Conclusion: Participation of all stakeholders of the educational system is essential and beneficial for nurturing of the competent workforce in healthcare. It helps build a curriculum not only having theoretical knowledge and skills but also the attitude and behavioral component of measurable competencies that satisfies the needs of the local healthcare system. This study has evolved a comprehensive competency matrix highlighting essential competencies required for the effective management of refractive error.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3690-3696
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 12-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology


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