Background: Classic dichotic listening tests using speech stimuli result in right ear advantage, due to the dominant crossed pathway for speech and language. It is presumed that similar crossed dominance could exist for non-speech stimuli too. Hence, this is an attempt to develop and validate the dichotic non-speech test using environmental stimuli and explore the effect of focused attention on this test. Materials and method: Three lists of dichotic stimuli were created using these sounds with fifteen tokens in each list. Four professionals and non-professionals validated these materials. Normative estimation was obtained by administering the newly developed test on 70 adults and 70 children using a free-recall and forced-recall condition. Result: The results showed a significant difference between the left ear and right scores where the left ear score was better than the right, depicting left ear advantage (LEA) for free recall condition in both groups. In the forced recall condition, LEA was not seen; rather the mean score was significantly higher in the attended ear, irrespective of the stimuli presented to the right or left ear. The test-retest reliability in free recall was good in both the ears and moderate for forced right ear conditions. Conclusion: The novel test consistently showed LEA with good reliability and can be used to assess the hemispheric asymmetry in normal subjects and also in test batteries for the clinical population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-69
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Otology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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