Polymer composites reinforced with aramid and basalt fibres are widely used in aviation, automobile, marine and civil structural components. In these applications, composites are often exposed to different environments involving temperature and humidity, which leads to the deterioration of mechanical properties and service life of the structure. This study aimed at investigating the influence of different ageing conditions on the low velocity impact (LVI) performance of 2-D aramid-basalt/epoxy interply composites. Compression molding method of fabrication was employed to prepare the hybrid laminates. LVI coupons were made as per the ASTM D3763 standard and aged in distilled water medium at three different temperatures namely, ambient condition (25 ℃), sub-zero condition (−10 ℃), and humid condition (40 ℃ and 60% relative humidity) until the specimens attain moisture saturation. After ageing, specimens were put through low velocity impact testing at two different impact energies of 10 J and 15 J and results were compared with the pristine specimens. Ultrasonic C-Scan and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) were utilized to analyse the delamination due to impact and micro structural assessment of the pristine and aged specimens. Studies revealed that, specimens aged under sub-zero conditions showed better impact response compared to all other ageing conditions. Furthermore, fibre rupture, matrix decomposition, weakened fibre–matrix interface bonding and delamination were the major damages observed in aged specimens.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)