The quest for energy efficiency systems is gaining momentum in the present-day context due to prevailing environmental and eco nomic compulsions. One of the alternatives available to meet this requirement is to modify the fuel to make it greener and more reasonable. In the present study, an attempt has been made to assess the performance and emissions of a compression ignition (CI) engine fuelled with B20 biodiesel and nano additives. Experiments have been carried out on a ssingle-cylinder CI engine using waste cooking oil-derived biodiesel, B20 and nano-sized biochar and multi-walled carbon nano tubes (MWCNTs). The nano additives were used in concentrations of 20 and 40 ppm to form four fuel variants, and the results relating to performance and emissions were compared. B20 fuel with MWCNT nanoparticles showed better brake thermal efficiency (BTE), brake-specific fuel consumption and reduced HC and carbon monoxide emissions. On the contrary, increased exhaust temperature and a subsequent increase in NOx emissions were recorded. The activated biochar nanoparticles improved the BTE of the engine with a comparatively better removal of NOx. This intricate behaviour of both the carbon nanoparticles reported in this work requires comprehensive optimization studies in the future.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Computer Science
- General Chemical Engineering
- General Engineering