Abstract

Introduction: Diabetic nephropathy is a growing public health challenge with implications on health. Renal function decline impacts the functional ability and overall health and well-being of individuals with diabetic nephropathy due to development of several renal manifestations. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of an exercise-based rehabilitation program on functional capacity and renal function among individuals with type 2 diabetic nephropathy. Methods: A total of 283 individuals were screened and 60 eligible participants aged 45–70 years with diabetic nephropathy were randomly allocated (n = 30 each) to the intervention group (IG) and control group (CG), respectively. The study outcome measures comprised of functional capacity (6-min walk test) and renal function assessed at baseline, 12th week and 24th week. Participants allocated to IG received 12 weeks of exercise based rehabilitation (comprising of supervised + home-based exercises) along with standard care and followed-up till 24th week. Results: The repeated measures ANOVA with Greenhouse–Geisser correction indicated significant timepoint*group interaction effect for 6-min walk distance F (1.71, 90.59) = 619, p < 0.001, serum creatinine F (1.23, 65.14) = 174.8, p < 0.001, estimated glomerular filtration rate F(1.15, 60.88) = 105.2, p < 0.001, serum urea F(1.48, 78.45) = 261.4, p < 0.001 and urine protein F (1.13, 59.82) = 4.58, p < 0.328. Conclusion: The study found that exercise based rehabilitation improved both functional capacity and renal function among individuals with type 2 diabetic nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Urology and Nephrology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nephrology
  • Urology

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