Effect of fibre treatment and moisture content on the vibration and acoustic properties of the basalt/hemp hybrid composites

Samanway Chakraborty, N. H. Padmaraj, I. V. Thara Reshma, Sriharsha Hegde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The hybridization reinforcements of composites allow design engineers to enhance the structural and acoustic properties of synthetic fibre-reinforced materials. Natural fibres are considered to have higher potential for replacing synthetic fibres in the composite industry. The present study aims to develop hybrid composite materials for sound insulation applications in the automotive industry. The hybrid composites were developed by reinforcing Basalt and Hemp fibres with Epoxy using vacuum bagging technique and cured under ambient conditions. Vibration and acoustic experiments were carried out on pristine and aged BHU (Basalt-Hemp-Untreated) and BHT (Basalt-Hemp-Treated) specimens. The fibre treatment and moisture gain influenced the natural frequency and stiffness of the hybrid composites. With the fibre treatment, the natural frequency of the specimens was enhanced by 12.8%. With ageing of both BHU and BHT, specimens showed a reduction in the natural frequency by 16.4% and 23% respectively. Moisture ingression into the composites reduced the stiffness and improved the damping factor of the structure. The aged BHU and BHT showed better acoustic performance compared to the pristine specimens.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035101
JournalMaterials Research Express
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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