Effect of La substitution on the structural and chemical properties of Barium hexaferrite via Mossbauer spectroscopy

K. R. Nishkala, Rajat Radhakrishna Rao, Srinivas Mutalik, Mamatha D. Daivajna

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3 Citations (Scopus)


M-type Barium hexaferrite is a famous hard magnetic material with a hexagonal crystal structure. La substituted Barium hexaferrite, Ba(1-x)La(x)Fe12O19, (where, x = 0.25 and 0.30) were synthesized using ball milling followed by sintering at 1300 °C for 5 hours. X-ray diffraction patterns reveal the formation of a single-phase magnetoplumbite structure of barium hexaferrite, which belongs to the P63/mmc space group. Mossbauer spectroscopic studies were carried out to study the magnetic phase, the effect of La doping on the valency of the Fe atom, and charge distribution in the prepared samples. Mossbauer spectra is fitted using 5 sextets, shows there is 5 sublattices present in the system. From the fitting of Mossbauer spectrum, it is observed that, there is no formation of Fe2+ ion even if the doping levels are as high as 30%, as it is expected that Fe3+ ion changes its valance to maintain the charge neutrality. However, there is an increase in s-electron density for number of sites with doping. Quadrupole splitting values shows spherical charge distribution for all the sublattices except 2b, due to asymmetric nature of bipyramidal site. Slightly varied magnetic hyperfine splitting values are observed for 12 k and 4f1 sites shows the effect of La substitution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
JournalHyperfine Interactions
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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