The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of the morphology of titanium dioxide nanofillers on the flexural strength and shear bond strength of the dental composite. Spherical and rhombic-shaped nano titanium dioxide fillers were synthesized via solvothermal method and were characterized. Subsequently, these fillers were incorporated into a flowable composite (Filtek™ Z350 XT Flowable Restorative) at 0.5 wt.% and 1.5 wt.% and the prepared specimens were stored in water for 24 h. The specimens were then evaluated for flexural strength using a universal testing machine. Similarly, the shear bond strength of modified composites to the tooth was evaluated and bond failures were analyzed using stereomicroscope magnification. Incorporation of nanofillers significantly enhanced the flexural strength of flowable composite (p = 0.009) with a significant increase at 0.5wt.% of spherical (p = 0.015) and rhomboidal-shaped fillers (p = 0.010). However, no statistically significant difference in flexural strength was observed among the different shapes of nanofillers. The results of our study did not show a significant effect on the shear bond strength of the composites. Thus the reinforcing ability of titanium dioxide nanofillers on dental composite was confirmed in this study, although the effect of using nanofillers with different morphology was not significant. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
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