Objectives: The geometry of carotid bifurcation is a crucial contributing factor to the localization of atherosclerotic lesions. Currently, studies on carotid bifurcation geometry are limited to the region near to bifurcation. This study aimed to determine the influence of carotid bifurcation geometry on the blood flow using numerical simulations considering magnitude of haemodynamic parameters in the extended regions of carotid artery. Methods: In the present study, haemodynamic analysis is carried out using the non-Newtonian viscosity model for patient-specific geometries consisting of both Left and Right carotid arteries. A 3D patient-specific geometric model is generated using MIMICS, and a numerical model is created using ANSYS. Results: The results obtained from patient-specific cases are compared. The influence of geometric features such as lumen diameter, bifurcation angle, and tortuosity on the haemodynamics parameters such as velocity, WSS, pressure, Oscillatory Shear Index (OSI), and Time-Averaged Wall Shear Stress (TAWSS) are compared. Conclusion: The results demonstrate significant changes in the flow regime due to the geometric shape of the carotid artery. It is observed that the lower value of TAWSS occurs near the bifurcation region and carotid bulb region. In addition, the higher value of the (OSI) is observed in the Internal Carotid Artery (ICA) and the tortuous carotid artery region. However, it is also observed that apart from the bifurcation angle, other factors, such as tortuosity and area ratio, play a significant role in the flow dynamics of the carotid artery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108153
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Publication statusPublished - 02-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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