Effect of Zn substitution in Cr3+ doped MgAl2O4 mixed spinel nanoparticles on red/NIR emission properties

Shreekrishna Karthik H.G., Samvit G. Menon, Deepak Hebbar N., K. S. Choudhari, C. Santhosh, Suresh D. Kulkarni

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22 Citations (Scopus)


Red/Near-infrared (NIR) emitting Mg1-xZnxAl1.98Cr0.02O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by co-precipitation followed by firing(1200 °C). Gradual shift of XRD peaks with Zn-content confirmed complete solid-solution formation. HRTEM revealed hexagonal sheet-like structures and lattice fringes revealed their single-crystallinity. Owing to refractory nature of MgAl2O4, particles were smaller(∼38 nm) in Mg-rich samples and gradually increased(∼58 nm) with Zn-substitution. Due to trigonal distortion, the fine splitting of the 4T1g level of Cr3+ manifests as asymmetric band(400 nm) in the excitation spectrum. Cr3+ emission was clearly observed, comprising of R-line and multi-phonon side-bands on either side, with maximum R-line intensity for x = 0.5. With increasing x, side-bands were more pronounced probably due to the band-gap difference of end members. High Dq/B (3.5–3.9), suggested Cr3+ in a strong crystal-field. Racah-parameter(B) variations suggest increased electron delocalization over molecular orbitals for higher Mg2+ substitutions. Longer lifetimes (23–34 ms) are well-suited for bioimaging and optoelectronic applications. Such a simple synthesis can be easily extended to other important phosphors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-300
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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